Software development

Comparing Exploratory Testing With Scripted Testing

Here, however, it’s important to understand your purpose to determine which method will meet your current need. An example of scripted testing is a project that uses traditional software development methodologies that consists of detailed documentation along with proper test scripts. If you develop any application using the waterfall model, it is likely to come under a scripted testing approach. As scripted testing is a group of all things necessary in software testing, there are a few scenarios you should know about to implement this process. For instance, scripted testing is the best approach when working on complex and high-risk applications. Some examples of where scripted testing should be your approach are where time and precision coincide.

definition of scripted testing

Testers from around the world will be given general scenarios from which to test expected behaviour of the new version. It is also important that the tester knows what the desired outcomes of the testing might be. It is not enough to merely look for bugs but to know what the end goal is for the testing cycle. For early iterations, they might be gathering test data on flaws.

Exploratory Testing vs Scripted Testing vs Automated Testing

The developers can use this technique to perform unit tests while the testers can acquire familiarity with the application using this testing approach. The experience gained from exploratory testing can be valuable in formulating test scripts in the later stages. Exploratory Testing is a style of software testing where there is less of a structure and a specified process. In this testing, the tester has more personal freedom and responsibility to utilize their skills and knowledge to optimize the quality of their work.

definition of scripted testing

This latter approach, a type of ad hoc testing, emphasizes that testers learn the skills necessary to find unexpected changes and alter their tests on the fly. Using scripted testing to check all the primary test cases that cover necessary features from a compliance standpoint is helpful. In fact, this can then be delegated to other testers who may not be experienced enough or who do not have the domain knowledge. This frees up the more senior testers to take up exploratory testing to ensure that all those edge cases and user journeys are checked. Both exploratory testing and scripted testing have a time and place, and both test methods are needed to create a quality product. Different types of tests produce different results…we know that.

Test Case vs Test Script

So, you’ve got this maintenance burden that comes with automation. But I’m sorry, I jumped to the testing versus checking, and I forgot the question. Weigh the pros and cons of technologies, products and projects you are considering. Design flow means the maximum volume of wastewater estimated to be generated by a dwelling or non-dwelling facility in a twenty-four-hour period.

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Writing code in a “real” programming languageif you take this route, you will typically still have the ability to record/playback and generate a simple script. But eventually you will have to go beyond record/playback and learn how to code scripts directly. It’s important to realize that you can choose your programming language even if your application is written in Java, it doesn’t mean you need to write test scripts in Java which can be difficult to learn. You can just as well write your scripts in an easier language like Javascript or Ruby and they will be able to execute against the Java application. Record/playbackif you recorded user actions and had your script automatically generated, in principle you don’t need to write code. But in practice, very often you’ll need to go into the code to fix things that go wrong or fine-tune the automation behavior.

When and why to adopt exploratory testing

Check out this episode of Test and Release, which features Matt Heusser of Excelon Development, for some pointers on both approaches. If the feature or product is expected to satisfy some key requirements in order to be compliant, maybe due to legal or security reasons, then exploratory testing may not work. Also, if there is a time crunch, then this testing approach may cause delays, especially when experienced testers are unavailable in the team. Exploratory testing relies on the tester’s ability to explore the feature or product to identify bugs. In this context, exploring refers to trying out various test scenarios by considering user journeys.

By integrating software bill of materials creation into the software development lifecycle, IT and DevOps teams can build more … You can read about the types of exploratory testing in greater detail in this article. In today’s times, where the focus remains on continuous integration and continuous deployment, being vigilant about the changes being shipped out is necessary.


The simulation partof the script can be automated using the built-in commands of the automation framework. Once you know the language this is quite easy, because a framework like Selenium offers one-line commands to do object selection, clicking, waiting, or any other operation in the user interface. There is a clear distinction between testers and developers with this strategy. The tester defines the test using keywords rather than the underlying code in data-driven scripting. A tester may not know much about the product, the business area, or even software testing when they start a new position.

definition of scripted testing

The result would be insight into the software that better represented the user’s experience versus that of those who created it. Still, many old-school testers derided exploratory testing scripted testing as ‘ad hoc’ and continued to favor the rigors of scripted testing. Exploratory testing is an approach to test software where the tester does not need to follow a specific test design.

Learn and adapt from your exploration

Testers are clearly instructed to follow a sequence of steps with minimal deviation from the script. Scripted testing ensures that each and every piece of functionality is tested and passed. Exploratory testing, a learning approach to software testing, emphasizes the personal freedom and responsibility of each individual tester. Exploratory testing can be applied to any test technique, at any stage in the development process. As the software is tested, individual testers may learn new things. This, when combined with their experience and creativity can drive new and improved tests that can enhance product quality.

  • Well, most of the time, they break login for any build, so that’s pretty bad, right?
  • It was an attempt to explain, doing it one better, way of thinking about software testing.
  • Since most systems are designed with human interaction in mind, it is good practice that a human tests the system at some point.
  • By convention, these test programs are called “test scripts” to distinguish them from the production code they test.
  • Validation does not require any codeit happens at the click of a button, and is much easier to maintain.

Exploratory testing can take place at any stage of testing or development. He’s interested in the potential of AI, machine learning and how exponential technology will shape our world. Learning Center Learn about how to get started using Postman, and read more in the product docs. Validation does not require any codeit happens at the click of a button, and is much easier to maintain. Specify how to locate the title of the Welcome screen that appears after login – say, by its CSS element ID. Specify how to locate the “username” and “password” fields in the login screen – say, by their CSS element IDs.

Scripted Testing and How It’s Evolved Over the Years

As we have seen, exploratory and scripted testing have their own benefits and drawbacks. Exploratory testing and scripted testing are not mutually exclusive. They can complement each other and provide different perspectives and values to your testing. By integrating both techniques, you can increase your test coverage, confidence, and feedback. Test cases give a clear picture of the business requirements of the application. Test case documenting is essential so the testers can recall the feature tested after a long gap.

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